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Coal history

Coal has a very long and rich history. Some historians believe that coal was used for the first time on a commercial basis in China.

Coal has a very long and rich history. Some historians believe that coal was used for the first time on a commercial basis in China. There is evidence that the first mine in northeast China coal was mined for copper smelting and casting coins around 1000 BC One of the first to mention the coal, was a Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle, who called it "burning stone". Coal cinders found among Roman ruins in England indicate that the Romans used of coal energy to 400 BC Chronicles of the Middle Ages is confirmed that the first coal mined in Europe of formations on the English coast, and conducted international trade by sea, exporting it to Belgium.

During the industrial revolution of 18-19 centuries the demand for coal has increased significantly. Great influence on it had the creation and improvement of the steam engine. The history of coal mining and use is inextricably linked with the history of the Industrial Revolution - iron and steel production, railway transport and shipping companies. Also, coal was used to produce gas for gas lamps in many cities. This gasification process is seen in all the big cities in the early 19th century, particularly in London. The use of coal gas in street lighting was discontinued with the start of the modern electric era.

With the advent of electricity in the 19th century, the future of coal has become closely associated with the generation of electricity. The first experimental coal station, generating electricity, was invented by Thomas Edison. It was operated in New York in 1882 for domestic needs.

In 1960, oil overtook coal as the largest source of primary energy, due to the growth in the transport sector. But coal still plays an important role. Thanks to him, produced 39% of all electricity in the world, as well as 64% of the energy required to produce steel.