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Liquid fuels from coal

In some countries, processed coal to liquid fuels. This process known as liquefaction. Liquid fuel can be used to produce fuel for transportation and other products such as plastics and solvents.

There are two key methods of liquefaction:

  • direct coal liquefaction - where coal is converted directly into liquid fuels;
  • indirect coal liquefaction - when coal is first gasified and then liquified.

Thus, carbon can serve as a substitute for crude oil. Pricing efficiency coal liquefaction depends to a large extent on the world oil prices, which it must compete in an open market economy. If the oil price is high, coal liquefaction becomes more competitive.

In the history there have been cases when the isolation of the country from oil sources made to run large-scale production of liquid fuels from coal. Germany produced a significant amount of fuel from coal during the Second World War. As South Africa during the embargo in the mid-50s and 80s of the last century, which continues to lead the large-scale production of liquid fuels from coal.

Currently, production of liquefied gas from coal on an industrial scale around the world use the method of indirect liquefaction. South Africa is a world leader in the development in the field of producing liquid fuels from coal, more than a third of South Africa receives liquid fuel from it. China is also experiencing growth in production capacity for coal liquefaction. Its enormous reserves in the country and reduce dependence on imported oil.